Cappuccino is a coffee-based drink made primarily from espresso and milk. It consists of one-third of espresso, one-third of hot milk and one-third of milk foam and is usually served in a small porcelain cup. Cappuccino is considered one of the original espresso beverage representatives of Italian espresso cuisine and finally Italian-American espresso cuisine.
Variants of this drink involve the use of ice cream instead of milk, and flavoring with cinnamon or chocolate. It usually has a smaller volume than coffee latte, with a thicker layer of micro foam. According to legend, the word cappuccino comes from Capuchin monastery, used by the monks here because of the habit of living with extra drinks and coffee and milk.
Italian cappuccino was not known outside of Italy until the 1930s, and seems to have been born from Vienna-style cafes in Trieste and other Austrian cities in the early decades of the 20th century. Drinks have spread all over the world and can be found at some establishments.
The most important factors in preparing a cappuccino are the texture and temperature of the milk. When a barista steams milk for cappuccino, micro-foam is created by introducing very small air bubbles into the milk, giving the milk a velvety texture.
The consumption of coffee in Europe was originally based on mixing traditional Ottoman drinks, by boiling the mixture of coffee and water together, sometimes adding sugar to make it easier to drink.
In Italy and across continental Europe, cappuccinos are traditionally consumed in the morning, often as part of breakfast, to be served with some pastries. Italians usually don’t drink cappuccino at meals other than breakfast, although sometimes they drink espresso after dinner.
Traditionally, Cappuccino is served in large cups from 150 ml to 180 ml. At the beginning of the 21st century, a modified version was served by fast food chains with a serving size of up to 600 ml.